TOARCO, a Japanese-Indonesian joint-venture, owns and manages the Pedamaran Plantation and also purchases wet-parchment (at 40% moisture) coffee beans from small producers. To put things in perspective, traditional coffee is sold when moisture content reaches and ideal level of 11%. TOARCO introduced a washing method similar to the one used in Central America to process their coffee; traditionally Indonesian coffee has been processed using the wet-hulled process, also know as Giling-Basah method. Coffee is then trucked to Pedamaran Plantation immediately and gets dried on patios at their mill facilities. Producers must follow all the quality specifications (picking, storage, transportation and moisture content) in order to be certified and be able to provide their product to TOARCO.
Formerly known as Celebes, Sulawesi, meaning Island-(Sula) and Iron-(besi), is the world's 11th largest Island and it's currently part of Indonesia. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to visit the Island in the 16th century. Sulawesi is part of Wallacea, meaning that it has a mix of both Asian and Australasian species. There are 127 known mammalian species in the island, of which two thirds of them are endemic, meaning that they are found nowhere else in Indonesia or the world. Among the unique species inhabiting this part of the world are babirusas, a strange looking pig with tusks that resemble those of a mammoth. With a population of almost 18 million inhabiting a mountainous piece of land the size of WA (population density is similar to that of CA), Sulawesi’s biggest threat is deforestation. The conflict between humans and nature has been present for generations.
Arriving to Tana Toroja is not an easy journey. It’s an eight hour drive north from Makassar to Rantepao through beautiful scenery, characterized by its green rice paddies which give it a complete sense of serenity.